The Free Republic of Outremeuse Part 1: The reason etre
The First Great War was fast victory for Germany in the West, With Battle of Marne and the surrender of french 3th army in Verdun besiege by Germans. From The Entente remain British Empire and Russian, while France and Belgium surrender. But the War continue until 1917 and ended with Peace treaty between Germany and Russians. Of the Central Powers Remain Germany, while Austria-Hungary dissolved and Ottoman Empire collapse during bloody Civil-war.
The USA had own problems and there military intervention in Mexico, let there to bloody guerrilla war with Mexicans.
In 1919 after 2 years of Diplomatic negations the Treaty of Potsdam were sign. The 1917 armistice with Britain became a Peace Treaty as the Germans pull out Belgium. But Belgium had change over occupation by Germans, King Albert was furious as he read the demands:
- King Albert has to resign from Throne in favour of his Son Leopold, until he gain majority, will he represented by Governor-General Ludwig von Falkenhausen. - The Former King Albert is banished from Belgium territory and goes in Exile of his choice. - Federalisation of Belgium into Flanders and Walloon state united under Belgium King as personal union. - The province of Luxemburg will reunite with Duchy of Luxemburg now part of Kingdom of Bavaria. - All remaining Belgium territory north of Duchy of Luxemburg and east of river Meuse become property of Prussian Kingdom. - The colony Belgium Congo become property of German Empire. - Opening the Belgium Harbours for Germany Navy and mercantile marine. - instalment of german troops on Belgium territory - Belgium become part of Zollverein (German Customs Union)
King Albert realised that Germans had made Belgium to there puppet state wen his son became king, the Germans have gain total control and use unexperienced Leopold as their political marionette.
The Frontiers of Europa were redrawn by the Germans. like the incorporation of the Germans part of Austria-Hungary into Empire, forming the Greater German Reich (GGR). Also Belgium, what wanders westwards on map, gaining French departments of Pas-de-Calais and Nord. To put french Industrial basin and Coal mines under Belgium control who is puppet state of Germany.
In the east Belgium lost everything east bank of River Meuse the Province of Liege lost 2/3 of it Territory to Prussia. here the German authorities make the Walloons very clear, learn German or get deported. Allot of them leave for new land in west, were Belgians commit ethnic cleansing against french. They were replaced by Germans settlers from area of Aachen and Cologne bringing „Rheinische Gemütlichkeit“ (Rhineland coziness) to Towns like Verviers, Herve, Fleron, Stavelot, Chaudfontaine. Those Towns were soon relabel or germanised in Name, like Liege into Lüttich, this one was special case. Liege lies on river meuse spreading west and east along the River and was one important industrial city of Belgium until The Treaty of Potsdam. Who defined the new Border on river Meuse cutting the City in Two: Walloon Liege and German Lüttich, cutting the Steel and Coal production in two. But The Second Treaty of Potsdam, had overlook something: in center of Liege lies the river Island of Outremeuse what became a stateless territory between Belgium Kingdom and Great German Reich.
Luxembourg become part of Kingdom of Bavaria in 1921 do Marriage of Prince Rupprecht of Bavaria and Antonia von Luxemburg and Nassau. Later in that year he became King Rupprecht I.
Zollverein (German Customs Union) A coalition of Nations under Germany that manage tariffs and economic policies. A precursor of Economic and finances union under Vereinigte Staten von Europa founded in 1947
The Free Republic of Outremeuse Part 2 : D’où La République libre d’Outremeuse
Because that tiny island was overlooked in Treaty of Potsdam, who define the new frontiers at riverbank West and East, but not was is in middle ! Now in limbo, the island citizen were Helpless, neither the Walloon or Prussian were willing to do something for them:
Walloon Administration: You lies east of border, The Prussian are responsible Prussian Administration: You lies west of border, The Walloon are responsible
The Situation in Outremeuse was chaotic, Marriage not recognised, inheritance question, non existing Justice System or Crime fighting. They even not able to bury their dead because cemetery was on Prussian territory, who not allow access! (This is reason why Outremeuse do cremation nowadays) Inhabitants try to flee too Liege or Lüttich to escape the Kafkaesk situation.
On 15 August 1920 a group of local Celebrities united and declared „La République libre d’Outremeuse“ („The Free Republic of Outremeuse“)
Actually it was burlesque reaction on situation that Island had to endure since years. unfortunately the Prussia bureaucrats not understand humour, and recognise the new Republic, while the same time the Chaotic Walloon bureaucrats recognise also the new Republic… …And suddenly was the „The Free Republic of Outremeuse“ a realty! This Provincial farce provide fit of laughter in entire Germany, even so far that Emperor Wilhelm II. intervene:
„Ich habe selten so gut gelacht, seit die Sache mit den Hauptmann of Köpenick ! diese Bürokraten benötigen eine Denkzettel !“ had never such fun since the case of the captain of Köpenick ! those bureaucrats need a teaching !
He recognised the Free Republic of Outremeuse in Adendun of the Treaty of Potsdam as new independent European State, The Walloons and Prussia administration were expecting that new Republic collapse under mismanagement, but things went a way no one expected.
In zenith of Steel production and Coal mining worked thousands foreign workers in Liege/Lüttich Far way from their Family ten thousands men wen every weekend into Brothels of the town, but since the City division things were not so easy. Special with regulation and new Laws, what the new Republic not had. So the first who move their business from Liege/Lüttich into Outremeuse, were the Brothels owners, follow by Bars, restaurants, night clubs, cabarets and Casinos. At Frist the Authorities try to block the access over bridge to Outremeuse Brothels, The Republic response with ferry service over river Meuse, as Authorities try stop this also, Happen General Strike in Coal-mine and Steel-mills on both side of River, the Demand of Workers: Free access to Outermeuse ! The Walloon and Prussian Authorities surrender to the demands…
…La République Libre d’Outremeuse became the biggest red-light district in Europe ! Also provides Outremeuse, illegal gambling, black market, smuggle thanks to its location on river Meuse and its strategic position between Belgium, Netherland and the Great German Reich. The Republic Leader and Criminals knew that they had to keep a low profile on what happen in prosperous Republic, Otherwise the German Army would terminate their reign.
In 1930s La République d’Outre-Meuse rival with Hamburg Reeperbahn, the Achterdam of Amsterdam. and the Quartier Pigalle of Paris before french Communist government forbid prostitution in 1933. The earnings let new business model: investment Banking, the National Bank of Outremeuse not ask question and payed high interest. Also flourish new Market, the productions of Pornographic Movies, Music, Books and later Comics. One of Locals became a world celebrity: Georges Simenon with his crime novels around Liege /Outre-Meuse /Lüttich and exploits of Belgium inspector Jules Maigret.
The Chaotic origin of Free Republic was adapted by Behold Brecht and Kurt Weill into play with music called „Die Freie Republik“ (1930) we're Brecht offers socialist critique on Prussian state and exploitation of women in Outremeuse. The song „The revolution eats its children“ is bitter reckoning with every kind of Revolution turn bad.
The Adendun of the Treaty of Potsdam
A 1920 addition to Treaty, to deal with open questions, like status of Hungary after german intervention there. to terminate the Hungary civil war, the recognition of several States in former Austria-Hungary, like Syldavia or Borduria, Status of the German protectorates of german enclave in east Europa states. the Free Republic of Outremeuse was point 137 in the Adendun.
The captain of Köpenick
in 1906, former convict Wilhelm Voigt try to get legal paper to get work. what Prussia bureaucrats refused because he had no work. A vicious circle, without legal paper, he can’t get work and without work he can’t get a legal papers. in his desperation he imposed with use uniform as Captain of Prussian Army, round up several soldiers and a sergeant, who follow his orders without question. went with them to local city hall of Köpenick and „arrested“ the mayor and Treasurer for crooked bookkeeping! and escape with 4002 Reichsmark and 37 pfennigs and with passport on his name, what let to his arrest 2 days later. The case is become legendary in history of German Empire for most absurd fraud ever made. This farce provide fit of laughter in entire German Empire. it unmasked the omnipotence of Militarism, the catch-22 of bureaucrats and german blind obedient to people in Uniform… Even Empore Wilhelm II was so amused about case, That he pardoned Wilhelm Voigt on 16 august 1908. The story became theatre play by Carl Zuckmayer and that was adapted in several movies
Last Edit: Sept 23, 2022 12:00:29 GMT by michelvan
The Free Republic of Outremeuse Part 3: Except form the Outremeuse Article from the Infopedia on the Infonet.
Etymology> in Walloon Dju d’la Mouse (beyond the Meuse) or in short Djud’la, The Original term Outremeuse refers to suburb of right bank of city of Liege
Geographie of Outremeuse>
Photo: on the left the city of Liege in middle Outermeuse and on right the City of Lüttich
The republic is a tiny river island of 76 hectare size, with a Frontier of 6 km long. In middle of river Meuse
Allot people think dat Island is one big Brothel, that is not true The Red Light District focus between Rue Gretry and Rue Puits-en-Sock While north part of Island, remain residential area of citizens. and small factories in courtyards. from Rue Gertry come complex of High-rise building from 1970s The highes was the Cremona tower demolish in 1984 do severe damage in event of 1983.
The South of Island is residential area of rich citizens or high class prostitutes. The south tip is park, remain of a World-expo, happen longtime ago before the great War.
Government, Administration, Law and Order> The Government of R.LO.M consist of the Mayor and up to 20 ministers, who are elected every 5 years.
The Minister deal with needed task for function of Republic like Finance, Administration or Justice System or Crime fighting.
Les Gardiens (1920-1983) the law and order force of the Republic, replace by Self Defends Force in 1983. Formed by voluntier, they secure peace, solved crime and disputes. La Caserne (the barracks) a former Military base in Outremeuse, was HQ for Les Gardiens, also Prison, Court and place for executions.
Before 1970s the Administration spread out over several buildings, even the private homes of Ministers ! bevor construct of the Cremona Tower who later centralise the Administration in one building.
Economy> The first export product of Outremeuse is Peket a fruit brandy, similar to Jenever (Dutch gin.) While bad tongues claimed Pekte is better used as Paint thinner, nail varnish remover, disinfectant or as rocket fuel…
Official is main financial income is by Prostitution and productions of Pornographic Material like Movies or magazines and Comics.
Estimation that Republic made with Prostitution around 438 million Mark every Year the Pornographic made around 500 million Mark every Year
Allot companies use Outremeuse as legal seat, most for Tax reason, with only address a letter box.
The Bank of Outremeuse is know for it discretion, high invest rates and money laundering.
The Hospital de Bavière, (Bavarian Hospital) became under Free Republic a Private Clinic. Became later specialised in treatment of sexual transmit disease, cosmetic surgery and sex change and fertility problems. They ask no questions if right sum money was payed.
The Monastery of Order of Saint-Augustin is closely connected with Hospital de Bavière, over time they recruited former prostitutes. The Order operate food kitchen for prostitutes and the Orphanage of the Republic or work in Clinic.
Outremeuse in know for it’s Music industry, with producers like Luc Ginsbourg Record factory that printed any kind of music, if the right sum of money is payed. it was since 1970s bastion of German Affenmusik or Neue Deutsche Welle and Neue Deutsche Harte. But also know of Bootlegging music
Counterfeiting of perfume and branded clothing and accessories from Italian high-end fashion houses. Or Sportswear productions of German Adidas or Bogner. the republic has notorious reputation of counterfeiting Money, documents and Paintings. Today you buy easy fake diplomas and PhD or a title of nobility
Sadly is Outremeuse a stronghold for Counterfeit medication and production of synthetic drugs also farming of high quality Cannabis.
Outremeuse is also disreputable in smuggle and selling contraband like Weapons.
Estimation by Reichs Kriminal Amt make Outremeuse around one to three billion Mark with this illegal activity!
Currency> The Republic has no own money, accepted for payments are: German Mark, British Pound Sterling, Chinese Gold-Yuan and US Dollars, French Francs are not accepted.
Demographics> Do it size the Republic top limit are 13000 inhabitants from it are now 6000 prostitutes (mostly woman). The Republic is visit up to 30000 people daily. Estimations by DAC has the Republic 11 million visitors every year.
Next Walloons come the Italians, the French, Germans, Chinese and Africans community There are tension special with french, who only tolerated in Republic as sex workers with temporal residency permit.
Famous Inhabitants Charlemagne, King of the Franks, according his Chronic, he was born in Outremeuse ! Marc Chagall, The Famous painter live some time in republic. Tinto Brass, Italian film director, know for his erotic avant-garde films Lasse Braun, Italian pornographer, film director, producer, novelist and researcher. Mimi Di Corinto, with age 22, she became one of the notorious dominatrix of her time, key figure of Liberation in 1983 and Berlin putsch of 1989 Penelope Di Corinto, key figure of Liberation in 1983 and Berlin putsch of 1989. Luc Gainsbourg, Belgium musician, songwriter, actor, author, painter, producer, provocateur. Zenobe Gramme, Belgian inventor of Gamme dynamo Elmyr de Hory, famous Hungarian forger, lived 1950 to 1976 in republic Bernard Kamenoff, Comic Artist famous for Erotic work Michel Krieger, German army deserter, key figure of Liberation in 1983 and Berlin putsch of 1989. Konrad Kujau, German illustrator and forger Jean d’Outremeuse, 14th century composer Rosa von Praunheim, German film director and the most famous gay rights activists in the German-speaking world. Gerhard Seyfried, German Comic Artist and Anarchist. Pierre Seron, Comic Artist Georges Simenon, Novellist and author of crime novels. Reinhold Vaster, German master goldsmith and forger Francois Waltery, Comic Artist
Transport> Le Tram is the only public transport of Outremeuse Its the remain of Liege pre-War tramway network, divided in three parts in 1919. The republic modified in 1920s the Network, to connect separate parts on Island. Forming two line who interconnects. Le Tram is today oldest Tramway still operating with Cars from 1900s
There is stop of H-Train, but this only one on Outremeuse connecting them with Liege and Lüttich (H-line connect both Train-stations of Liege Central and Lüttich Hbf in round course true both cities)
There two bus route connecting Liege/Lüttich passing over Rue Grétry in Outremeuse.
In 1970s were VTOL landing platforms installed on top of several buildings, ADAC got permit to use them for their Air medical service.
The Republic is accessible with cars, over bridge, but lack parking space all are reserve for inhabitants For Visitor there several multi-storey car park, even multi-storey parking ships in Meuse But they are inadequate for numbers of visitors the Republic has. Is recommended to use the car parks in Liege or Lüttich and use public transport to Outremeuse.
They're several ports at Outremeuse, next quays for merchant and cargo, also for yachts. Rumours tell that republic has one or more secret ports with submarines for smuggle using river Meuse or the Leopold III. canal.
Culture> Outremeuse is renowned for its nightlife, special the tiny pedestrians streets and old yards with Nightclubs, restaurants and cafes
National holiday is August 15, were celebrate the independents and Black Madonna the Virgin. Over 3 Day the citizens celebrate with drinking, Musik, Parades, Puppet show and the procession of the Black Madonna, who is carry true out Outremeuse. on last day „the poor bone“ (the remains of banquet) is mourn and honour with memorial ceremony and large firework.
Folklore: Tchantches a legendary Hero that live in age of King Charlemagne in Outremeuse His story is traditional told with puppet shows.
After Second Great War, Outremeuse prohibit official use of french language And declared the local Walloon dialect as official language of Republic
International relations> Sister Nation was the free Commune de Montmartre (Paris) until the Communist Government Terminated the anarchist commune in 1930.
The Republic has partnership with Hamburg Reeperbahn and the Achterdam of Amsterdam.
Notes: R.LO.M is french acronym for République libre d’Outremeuse.
Tchantches is Walloon dialect for french surname Francois.
Reichs Kriminal Amt is federal investigative police agency in Greater German Reich, similar to the F.B.I in USA.
DAC or Deutscher Automobil Club is Europa largest motoring associations there goal is the representation, promotion and advocacy of motoring, motor sport and tourism provide Air medical service with a fleet of Helicopters and VTOL a Roadside assistance and testing quality of motor vehicle Most know for DAC Reiseführer, the german successor of Michelin guild (1900-1930)
a quick hand drawn map of Belgium before and after first Great War and point out were is Liege/ Lüttich Belgium gaining French departments of Pas-de-Calais and Nord. To put french Industrial basin and Coal mines under Belgium control who is puppet state of Germany.
In January 1926 happen large flood in river Meuse, do heavy rain and melting snow The Water level rise dramatic that Streets in Liege, Outermeuse and Lüttich were one meter under water. over 10000 houses were flooded in area, total damage ware 10 million Mark, lucky no one died. The Republic survived their first Disaster, it was not last one, War, Earthquake, Terrorism and another flooding followed.
The Flooding of 1926 let to building of the Leopold III. Canal in 1930s to regulate the river Meuse.
The Ugly head of Antisemitic
After losing the Great War, France was in political turmoil and allot questions raise, who to blame ? Soon rumor and legends rise, In rich Antisemitic environment of France, it became popular legend that War was lost by the Jews ! By Rich jews who made capital gains with defeat of France with help of Jewish politicians and Generals ! This nonsense play into the hand of extremist of „Action Française“ or „Camelots du Roi“, extrem right nationalist Antisemitic monarchist. They were not interested in political debate, they wanted violence, murder and mayhem on street. Their first victims were prominent french jews.
in 1926 happen the „Bloody Sunday“ were Action Française and Camelots du Roi, attacked Jews all over the Republic
in 1929 happen the Wall Street Crash leading into Great Depression. This time came rumor that Americans Jewish bankers were behind this and another wave of violence and murder swept over France This was used by French Communist to take over power and Declare the People Republic of France.
Allot of Jews had enough of this and left France forever, to Belgium, Netherland, Switzerland, Canada or USA. But one nation was more popular because of their less hatred towards the Jews: the Greater German Reich.
Outremeuse Jewish commune grow, situated around the synagog in Rue Léon Fredericq. Sadly do limited space on Island, Outremeuse became a transitional stage for jewish refugee, Were got temporal shelter, food and help to emigrate into Belgium, Netherlands or Germany. if necessary with counterfeit documents made in Outremeuse, if you pay right sum of money. Some of Jewish celebrity that used Outremeuse: Luc Ginsburg with his parents, he later return to live here. Marc Chagall lived several months in Outremeuse before settle down in Netherlands, or the aircraft engineer Marcel Stürmer.
Luc Ginsbourg, 2 april 1928 - 1992, born as Lucien Serge Ginsbourg in Paris, becomes after second great war, Belgium most revered musician with legendary cult status.
Marcel Stürmer, 23 January 1892 - 17 April 1986 born as Marcel Bloch in Paris. After his Aircraft Company was Nationalised and his House was burnt down by Antisemitic. He took his Wife and two sons and fled over Outremeuse to the Great German Reich, Here He found work at Ernst Heinkel Flugzeugwerke in Berlin, He change his name to Marcel Stürmer and help in development of first Jet-engine and strategic Bombers After Second Great War he building the legendary jet-fighter DONNER. Also very influential Person in German politic, who support the German jewish party.
The Free Republic of Outremeuse Part 5 the 1930s Crisis and Opportunity
Belgium suffers under Economic crisis provoked by 1929 Wall Street Crash. Former King Albert I. died in Scotland during climbing on 17 February 1934, His body return to Belgium and he was buried in royal mausoleum at Brussel.
On 29 August 1935, happen a drama that shake the Belgium Kingdom to it core. King Leopold III and wife died in car accident near Luzern, Swiss. Prince Baudouin almost 5 years old was to young to rule, So Leopold brother Charles became Prince Regent of Belgium, he transformed Belgium into modern state. gave voting rights for Women, pushed for reforms in Belgium Politic and work program during economic Crisis, Like the construction of Leopold III canal from Liege to Antwerpen. This Canal gave Outremeuse access to harbour of Antwerp and to international trade and smuggle. A economic boost for the Republic suffering under the Crisis
The Great German Reich underwent a turbulent Time With power struggle between Conservative, Socialist and terrorist Communist. The consolidation of Mittleafrika colony (The German, Belgium and some french Colonies in Africa). and rising tension with France, Soviet union and Empire of Japan. But Germany saw also social reforms, the rise of the Steel Chancellor Konrad Adenauer. New impulses in Art and Architecture and Design with Bauhaus The Political and economic ties with Kuomintang China was blessing during economic crisis.
In Spain happen Civil War from 1936 to 1939, Outremeuse gain allot with illegal traffic of Weapons to Spain, or providing Spanish refuges with fake documents. The Greater German Reich intervene in this Civil War to prevent the french communist intervention in Spain. with large military operation they defeated the republicans and installed the Nationalist as ruling party And General Jose Sanjurjo became leader of Spain,
In USA a series of economic help program called New Deal overcome the economic Crisis. By President Franklin D. Roosevelt, a former Republican, now Progressive party leader. With kick start the US economy profit also the European Nations like Outremeuse.
The Italian government startet to eradicate the mafia by any means possible. in 1929 the mafia was on retreat since the „Iron Perfect“ Mori was hunting them down, after attempt to kill him and his family, Allot of Mafia members who could escape Italy went to USA , other went to south France, south Germany, Belgium and The Free Republic of Outremeuse. Here they made aggressive take over, in Germany however there attempts were responded extremely hostile by one Crime Gang This gang was based in several city in Greater German Reich and expanding also Into Outremeuse This war between Mafia and the Organisation, let that Reichkriminalamt to smash the Organisation. and arrest the criminal Mastermind behind it, a certain Adolf Hitler… in the end a group of Mafioso manage to survive in Outremeuse by keeping low profile. waiting for right moment to act…
Notes: Kuomintang China connection to Germany is based on two reason: One: Chiang Kai-Shek learned at Prussian War Academy in Berlin during 1906 to 1911. Second: During the Great War, Chiang Kai-Shek manage to persuade the Japanese to let there Germans Prisoners, To stay in China camps, (original planned was to deported off them to Japan) Here the Chinese made first contact with German culture and food and got enthusiastic for everything German.
Reichkriminalamt in 1932 the Police-forces of Great German Reich member-states were united under higher-ranking organisation of Reichkriminalamt. Similar to F.B.I in USA With interworking of member-states, The ministry of justice hope a better fight against crime. successful, it let to eradication of organisation Hitler,
Adolf Hitler Aka A Wolf, Der Chef, the real Mabuse,, Alois Schicklgruber, Alousius Pölzl, Alfons Hiedler. One of the most notorious crime lord of the 20 century. Born on 20 April 1889 in Braunau am Inn, Austria-Hungary Empire. He try to be a Painter, book Author or be Politician, with not great success until he saw the Fritz Lang Movie Dr. Mabuse der Spieler finding his destiny as Criminal. From 1922 on Hitler build up a Criminal Gang in Munich. Highly organised in theft, bank robbery, extortion, counterfeit, Drugs and weapons trafficking, prostitution, and slave trade! on it zenith Hitler "Crime empire" include 5 city: Munich, Berlin, Hamburg, Nürnberg, Linz. he had with help of his stepbrother in Liverpool, connection to British crime gangs. He enter Munich high society as respected business man Adolf Wolf, specialised in Import and Export. His Organisation was equal powerful like Al Capone crime syndicate in Chicago!
in human trafficking and Prostitution, Hitler show to be a very diabolic genius, his gang had control of several Orphanage in his "Crime empire" Official as patronage of a well respected business man, he sell the adolescent and children to over sea into Prostitution or enslavement. in same time he receive "shipment" of sex-slaves for His brothels, from France, China, South America, and Africa.
He organised his Gang like Army unit. The member got best Lawyers, if one got in prison, the Gang support the Family, Traitors were brutal murder, here Hitler show allot sick ideas of executions methods.
His arrest and sentencing were spectacular events of it time ! His Judge was Roland Freister, the bloodhound of Justice ministry, this man was notorious for his cruelties and disregard toward his victims in court. Adolf Hitler was execute under guillotine for his horribly crimes in 1933.
I noticed in part 3, you said that it was a cultivator of high quality cannabis. How much are they cultivating? There's not a whole lot of land to be farming. Is this sort of a niche kind of industry, or are all the roofs on the island used for cultivation?
The Free Republic of Outremeuse Part 6 Art & Communism and Urbanism
Surrealism In 1924 it was official establish with Surrealist Manifesto by Andre Breton and Yvan Goll as a Cultural Movement of visual Art, Literature, Theatre, Cinema, Music, Philosophy and Politic. Using element of surprise, juxtapositions and Dream analyst & psychology under Sigmund Freud. During 1920s the radical Surrealism movement shocked establishment of France and other nations.
in 1933 The Communist party of France forbid the Surrealism movement as „Counter-revolutionary“. Andre Breton as true Communist, went to HQ of Communist Party in Paris and fight for withdrawal the order. His body was found next day in river Seine, Breton had gunshot wound in neck, typical for CPAI, the communist secret police.
From here were the Surrealist on the run, on suggestion by Rene Magritte most of them settle in Brussel, Belgium, other stay for while in the Free Republic of Outremeuse, like Max Ernst. Also Marc Chagall lived several months in Outremeuse before settle down in Netherlands. Jean Cocteau spent rest of his life in Republic he consider as „Man’s incarnated paradise“ Other like Luis Bunuel went to Mexico, while Marcel Duchamp, Man Ray and Salvatore Dali went to USA, But the dead of Andre Breton and suicide of Rene Crevel, was dead blow for Surrealism, there formet members went there way…
Rene Magritte help a young jew and learn him painting and surrealist Manifesto. His name Lucien Serge Ginsbourg better know as Luc Ginsbourg becoming later one of notorious citizen of Outremeuse.
Even Pablo Picasso was force to leave France in 1933, a experience that shocked Picasso deeply, he settle In Monaco. later as France invaded the principality, Picasso escape to Italy. Here created he the gigantic triptych „Menace“, „Monaco“, „Expulsion“ is today consider most moving and powerful painting against totalitarianism and War.
In mean time several painters settle down in Outremeuse, some refugees from France or from Belgium, Netherland or Germany, because they were wanted for art forgery. In new home they found possibility to continue their work or become a forger in order to survive. The Europan Art Market was flooded by high quality art forgery from free Republic… Like lost „work“ of Picasso or „unpublished“ Jean Cocteau.
Urbanism The Communist Party of France (CPF) had big plans They reshape Paris as modern Communist city and get rid of old and unneeded. One of first victim was Eifel tower, it was dismantle for it metal value and make place for Palais du Party communist de France to be build on Champ de Mars. Follow the demolition of the 1th, 2th, 3th and 4th arrondissement of Paris, to build social housing and new public building by Le Corbusier, the Plan Voisin envision by Le Corbusier was modified to met the demands of CPF
But CPF plans had a hidden agenda, official to build social housing blocks in 3th and 4th arrondissement it also destroy the Jewish quarter of Le Marais and residence of French nobility and those social housing were for Members only of CPF.
The Red light district of the Quartier Pigalle was closed and brothels demolish for social housing.
Next to that were Paris Churches close and demolish, there were even plans to pulling down the cathedral Notre Dame ! Also correction in traffic by building new street true Paris, destroying living quarters of people, the CPF consider enemy of the Party. One of victims was Coco Chanel, who was force to move her HQ out 1th arrondissement, later she emigrate to Milan, Italy. With her move the center of High fashion finally to Italy.
Another project were the Melnikov parking houses for 1000 cars, build over Seine Bridges.
From the News Paper Le Petit Parisien last issue, before the CPF forbid it’s publication:
The City of Love has become the City of Concrete ! Those Godless Communist bastards rip the heart out Paris and France ! They destroy the cityscape, ripp down churches and monuments and replace it with concrete monstrosity by this cursed Swiss and Russians architects
Here again Outremeuse profit from this Situations. allot artwork, parts of monuments or Houses and stature from Paris churches, appear again in their black market. or were used to Improve there Homes
Note: CPAI = Commissariat du Peuple Affaire Intérieures - People’s Commissariat for Internal Affairs The secret police of French Communist Party, they conduit arrest, inquisition, internment and executions on party orders.
Charles-Edouard Jeannert (*1887-1946†) better known as Le Corbusier was Swiss-french architect. with radical new view on building, as enthused communist he found admire and supporter in politburo of the CPF. There is controversy if Le Corbusier was communist or just pandering to those in Power…
Allot art Work of Picasso was lost, as he left France to Monaco and on escape to Italy Follow purging the Museum and Art dealers form „Counter-revolutionary“ Artwork. Then came Second Great War… There also dispute about rediscover Picasso Artwork about there authenticity, mostly are there forgery.